Insomnia (or sleeplessness) still maintains its medical and social significance. This term refers to the violations of the duration and quality of sleep. Some authors believe that almost half of the world’s population suffers from sleep disturbance, so sleeping pills are the subject of constant attention of specialists and doctors.
Ambien used in the treatment of sleep disturbances associated with difficulty falling asleep, early and night awakenings. Patients receive 10 mg of the drug before going to bed.
Patients with liver dysfunction, as well as elderly and debilitated people, should start Ambien treatment with a dose of 5 mg. With good tolerance and the absence of side effects, it is possible to increase the dose of the drug to 10 mg per day.
Ambien is undoubtedly one of the most prescribed medications for the short-term therapy of insomnia. Its intake is limited to one-two days and a maximum of one month (including the drug withdrawal).
Ambien is a sleeping pill, which improves our night’s rest and sometimes eliminates insomnia.
This is the chemical resource that the U.S. Air Force usually uses to facilitate the nightly rest of many pilots after a flight. It is effective, fast, and free from excessive “hangover” symptoms (which can’t be said about classic benzodiazepines such as lormetazepam).
Now, the fact that Ambien is not benzodiazepine and that it lacks muscle relaxant doesn’t mean that we are dealing with a harmless drug. We’re facing an active substance with a high potential for addiction if we use it for a long time.
Its mechanism of action is similar to that of benzodiazepines. It acts on gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) with the only difference that they represent two different molecular compounds. In addition, Ambien has no effect on the medullary level.
It is also interesting to know that this drug is one of the most gentle to sleep architecture and its phases, both REM and non-REM. All this undoubtedly gives an opportunity to maintain a deep and continuous night rest.
On the other hand, it should be noted that Ambien is also commonly prescribed to patients with restless leg syndrome. Usually, it is very effective in the elderly, since it facilitates rest and reduces the movement of the limbs without experiencing too many side effects.
This drug, like any other, should be prescribed by a doctor.
Its action is fast, so it is recommended to prepare a person for a break that will last from 7 to 8 hours in a row. Therefore, during this period, we will not be able to carry out or perform any other activities that require our attention. Moreover, if we wake up 2-3 hours after taking the drug, we will have coordination problems, low alertness, memory problems, and increased fatigue.
Due to the fact that the drug contains lactose, it is not used in the treatment of people with hereditary lactose intolerance, lactase deficiency, or glucose-galactose malabsorption syndrome.
A careful balance of benefits and harms in the administration of the drug by the patients with myasthenia, hepatic failure, respiratory failure, depression, chronic alcohol, and drug dependence will be required.
It is also important to note that older people are more sensitive to sleeping pills, so they must follow the letter from their administration. If the duration of treatment with Ambien is longer than recommended, older people have an increased risk of falling and adverse cognitive effects.
The use of Ambien also reduces our driving capabilities and increases the risk of traffic accidents. This is no coincidence, as most sleeping pills reduce our ability to respond and coordinate. Therefore, don’t exceed the maximum term of treatment (4 weeks).
Z drugs are effective, and Ambien (Zolpidem) is one of the most prescribed medications. However, it is important to remember that they have a high addictive potential.
In conclusion, we can only point out that this drug can interact with other drugs, substances, and even vitamin supplements, regardless of their origin. Always follow the instructions of the doctors.